// Copyright (c) 2011, the Dart project authors. Please see the AUTHORS file | |

// for details. All rights reserved. Use of this source code is governed by a | |

// BSD-style license that can be found in the LICENSE file. | |

part of dart.core; | |

/** | |

* A collection of objects in which each object can occur only once. | |

* | |

* That is, for each object of the element type, the object is either considered | |

* to be in the set, or to _not_ be in the set. | |

* | |

* Set implementations may consider some elements indistinguishable. These | |

* elements are treated as being the same for any operation on the set. | |

* | |

* The default [Set] implementation, [LinkedHashSet], considers objects | |

* indistinguishable if they are equal with regard to | |

* operator [Object.==]. | |

* | |

* Iterating over elements of a set may be either unordered | |

* or ordered in some way. Examples: | |

* | |

* * A [HashSet] is unordered, which means that its iteration order is | |

* unspecified, | |

* * [LinkedHashSet] iterates in the insertion order of its elements, and | |

* * a sorted set like [SplayTreeSet] iterates the elements in sorted order. | |

* | |

* It is generally not allowed to modify the set (add or remove elements) while | |

* an operation on the set is being performed, for example during a call to | |

* [forEach] or [containsAll]. Nor is it allowed to modify the set while | |

* iterating either the set itself or any [Iterable] that is backed by the set, | |

* such as the ones returned by methods like [where] and [map]. | |

* | |

* It is generally not allowed to modify the equality of elements (and thus not | |

* their hashcode) while they are in the set. Some specialized subtypes may be | |

* more permissive, in which case they should document this behavior. | |

*/ | |

abstract class Set<E> extends EfficientLengthIterable<E> { | |

/** | |

* Creates an empty [Set]. | |

* | |

* The created [Set] is a plain [LinkedHashSet]. | |

* As such, it considers elements that are equal (using [operator ==]) to be | |

* indistinguishable, and requires them to have a compatible | |

* [Object.hashCode] implementation. | |

* | |

* The set is equivalent to one created by `new LinkedHashSet<E>()`. | |

*/ | |

factory Set() = LinkedHashSet<E>; | |

/** | |

* Creates an empty identity [Set]. | |

* | |

* The created [Set] is a [LinkedHashSet] that uses identity as equality | |

* relation. | |

* | |

* The set is equivalent to one created by `new LinkedHashSet<E>.identity()`. | |

*/ | |

factory Set.identity() = LinkedHashSet<E>.identity; | |

/** | |

* Creates a [Set] that contains all [elements]. | |

* | |

* All the [elements] should be instances of [E]. | |

* The `elements` iterable itself can have any type, | |

* so this constructor can be used to down-cast a `Set`, for example as: | |

* | |

* Set<SuperType> superSet = ...; | |

* Set<SubType> subSet = | |

* new Set<SubType>.from(superSet.where((e) => e is SubType)); | |

* | |

* The created [Set] is a [LinkedHashSet]. As such, it considers elements that | |

* are equal (using [operator ==]) to be indistinguishable, and requires them to | |

* have a compatible [Object.hashCode] implementation. | |

* | |

* The set is equivalent to one created by | |

* `new LinkedHashSet<E>.from(elements)`. | |

*/ | |

factory Set.from(Iterable elements) = LinkedHashSet<E>.from; | |

/** | |

* Creates a [Set] from [elements]. | |

* | |

* The created [Set] is a [LinkedHashSet]. As such, it considers elements that | |

* are equal (using [operator ==]) to be indistinguishable, and requires them to | |

* have a compatible [Object.hashCode] implementation. | |

* | |

* The set is equivalent to one created by | |

* `new LinkedHashSet<E>.of(elements)`. | |

*/ | |

factory Set.of(Iterable<E> elements) = LinkedHashSet<E>.of; | |

/** | |

* Adapts [source] to be a `Set<T>`. | |

* | |

* If [newSet] is provided, it is used to create the new sets returned | |

* by [toSet], [union], and is also used for [intersection] and [difference]. | |

* If [newSet] is omitted, it defaults to creating a new set using the | |

* default [Set] constructor, and [intersection] and [difference] | |

* returns an adapted version of calling the same method on the source. | |

* | |

* Any time the set would produce an element that is not a [T], | |

* the element access will throw. | |

* | |

* Any time a [T] value is attempted added into the adapted set, | |

* the store will throw unless the value is also an instance of [S]. | |

* | |

* If all accessed elements of [source] are actually instances of [T], | |

* and if all elements added to the returned set are actually instance | |

* of [S], | |

* then the returned set can be used as a `Set<T>`. | |

*/ | |

static Set<T> castFrom<S, T>(Set<S> source, {Set<R> Function<R>()? newSet}) => | |

CastSet<S, T>(source, newSet); | |

/** | |

* Provides a view of this set as a set of [R] instances. | |

* | |

* If this set contains only instances of [R], all read operations | |

* will work correctly. If any operation tries to access an element | |

* that is not an instance of [R], the access will throw instead. | |

* | |

* Elements added to the set (e.g., by using [add] or [addAll]) | |

* must be instance of [R] to be valid arguments to the adding function, | |

* and they must be instances of [E] as well to be accepted by | |

* this set as well. | |

*/ | |

Set<R> cast<R>(); | |

/** | |

* Provides an iterator that iterates over the elements of this set. | |

* | |

* The order of iteration is defined by the individual `Set` implementation, | |

* but must be consistent between changes to the set. | |

*/ | |

Iterator<E> get iterator; | |

/** | |

* Returns true if [value] is in the set. | |

*/ | |

bool contains(Object? value); | |

/** | |

* Adds [value] to the set. | |

* | |

* Returns `true` if [value] (or an equal value) was not yet in the set. | |

* Otherwise returns `false` and the set is not changed. | |

* | |

* Example: | |

* | |

* var set = new Set(); | |

* var time1 = new DateTime.fromMillisecondsSinceEpoch(0); | |

* var time2 = new DateTime.fromMillisecondsSinceEpoch(0); | |

* // time1 and time2 are equal, but not identical. | |

* Expect.isTrue(time1 == time2); | |

* Expect.isFalse(identical(time1, time2)); | |

* set.add(time1); // => true. | |

* // A value equal to time2 exists already in the set, and the call to | |

* // add doesn't change the set. | |

* set.add(time2); // => false. | |

* Expect.isTrue(set.length == 1); | |

* Expect.isTrue(identical(time1, set.first)); | |

*/ | |

bool add(E value); | |

/** | |

* Adds all [elements] to this Set. | |

* | |

* Equivalent to adding each element in [elements] using [add], | |

* but some collections may be able to optimize it. | |

*/ | |

void addAll(Iterable<E> elements); | |

/** | |

* Removes [value] from the set. Returns true if [value] was | |

* in the set. Returns false otherwise. The method has no effect | |

* if [value] value was not in the set. | |

*/ | |

bool remove(Object? value); | |

/** | |

* If an object equal to [object] is in the set, return it. | |

* | |

* Checks whether [object] is in the set, like [contains], and if so, | |

* returns the object in the set, otherwise returns `null`. | |

* | |

* If the equality relation used by the set is not identity, | |

* then the returned object may not be *identical* to [object]. | |

* Some set implementations may not be able to implement this method. | |

* If the [contains] method is computed, | |

* rather than being based on an actual object instance, | |

* then there may not be a specific object instance representing the | |

* set element. | |

*/ | |

E? lookup(Object? object); | |

/** | |

* Removes each element of [elements] from this set. | |

*/ | |

void removeAll(Iterable<Object?> elements); | |

/** | |

* Removes all elements of this set that are not elements in [elements]. | |

* | |

* Checks for each element of [elements] whether there is an element in this | |

* set that is equal to it (according to `this.contains`), and if so, the | |

* equal element in this set is retained, and elements that are not equal | |

* to any element in `elements` are removed. | |

*/ | |

void retainAll(Iterable<Object?> elements); | |

/** | |

* Removes all elements of this set that satisfy [test]. | |

*/ | |

void removeWhere(bool test(E element)); | |

/** | |

* Removes all elements of this set that fail to satisfy [test]. | |

*/ | |

void retainWhere(bool test(E element)); | |

/** | |

* Returns whether this Set contains all the elements of [other]. | |

*/ | |

bool containsAll(Iterable<Object?> other); | |

/** | |

* Returns a new set which is the intersection between this set and [other]. | |

* | |

* That is, the returned set contains all the elements of this [Set] that | |

* are also elements of [other] according to `other.contains`. | |

*/ | |

Set<E> intersection(Set<Object?> other); | |

/** | |

* Returns a new set which contains all the elements of this set and [other]. | |

* | |

* That is, the returned set contains all the elements of this [Set] and | |

* all the elements of [other]. | |

*/ | |

Set<E> union(Set<E> other); | |

/** | |

* Returns a new set with the elements of this that are not in [other]. | |

* | |

* That is, the returned set contains all the elements of this [Set] that | |

* are not elements of [other] according to `other.contains`. | |

*/ | |

Set<E> difference(Set<Object?> other); | |

/** | |

* Removes all elements in the set. | |

*/ | |

void clear(); | |

/* Creates a [Set] with the same elements and behavior as this `Set`. | |

* | |

* The returned set behaves the same as this set | |

* with regard to adding and removing elements. | |

* It initially contains the same elements. | |

* If this set specifies an ordering of the elements, | |

* the returned set will have the same order. | |

*/ | |

Set<E> toSet(); | |

} |