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# Copyright (c) 2012 The Chromium Authors. All rights reserved.
# Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style license that can be
# found in the LICENSE file.
# Copies a framework to its new home, "unversioning" it.
# Normally, frameworks are versioned bundles. The contents of a framework are
# stored in a versioned directory within the bundle, and symbolic links
# provide access to the actual code and resources. See
# The symbolic links usually found in frameworks create problems. Symbolic
# links are excluded from code signatures. That means that it's possible to
# remove or retarget a symbolic link within a framework without affecting the
# seal. In Chrome's case, the outer .app bundle contains a framework where
# all application code and resources live. In order for the signature on the
# .app to be meaningful, it encompasses the framework. Because framework
# resources are accessed through the framework's symbolic links, this
# arrangement results in a case where the resources can be altered without
# affecting the .app signature's validity.
# Indirection through symbolic links also carries a runtime performance
# penalty on open() operations, although open() typically completes so quickly
# that this is not considered a major performance problem.
# To resolve these problems, the frameworks that ship within Chrome's .app
# bundle are unversioned. Unversioning is simple: instead of using the
# original outer .framework directory as the framework that ships within the
# .app, the inner versioned directory is used. Instead of accessing bundled
# resources through symbolic links, they are accessed directly. In normal
# situations, the only hard-coded use of the versioned directory is by dyld,
# when loading the framework's code, but this is handled through a normal
# Mach-O load command, and it is easy to adjust the load command to point to
# the unversioned framework code rather than the versioned counterpart.
# The resulting framework bundles aren't strictly conforming, but they work
# as well as normal versioned framework bundles.
# An option to skip running install_name_tool is available. By passing -I as
# the first argument to this script, install_name_tool will be skipped. This
# is only suitable for copied frameworks that will not be linked against, or
# when install_name_tool will be run on any linker output when something is
# linked against the copied framework. This option exists to allow signed
# frameworks to pass through without subjecting them to any modifications that
# would break their signatures.
set -e
if [ $# -eq 3 ] && [ "${1}" = "-I" ] ; then
if [ $# -ne 2 ] ; then
echo "usage: ${0} [-I] FRAMEWORK DESTINATION_DIR" >& 2
exit 1
# FRAMEWORK should be a path to a versioned framework bundle, ending in
# .framework. DESTINATION_DIR is the directory that the unversioned framework
# bundle will be copied to.
if [ "${FRAMEWORK_NAME: -10}" != ".framework" ] ; then
echo "${0}: ${FRAMEWORK_NAME} does not end in .framework" >& 2
exit 1
# Find the current version.
CURRENT_VERSION_ID="$(readlink "${VERSIONS}/Current")"
# Make sure that the framework's structure makes sense as a versioned bundle.
echo "${0}: ${FRAMEWORK_NAME} does not contain a dylib" >& 2
exit 1
# Copy the versioned directory within the versioned framework to its
# destination location.
mkdir -p "${DESTINATION_DIR}"
rsync -acC --delete --exclude Headers --exclude PrivateHeaders \
--include '*.so' "${CURRENT_VERSION}/" "${DESTINATION}"
if [[ -n "${RUN_INSTALL_NAME_TOOL}" ]]; then
# Adjust the Mach-O LC_ID_DYLIB load command in the framework. This does not
# change the LC_LOAD_DYLIB load commands in anything that may have already
# linked against the framework. Not all frameworks will actually need this
# to be changed. Some frameworks may already be built with the proper
# LC_ID_DYLIB for use as an unversioned framework. Xcode users can do this
# by setting LD_DYLIB_INSTALL_NAME to
# If invoking ld via gcc or g++, pass the desired path to -Wl,-install_name
# at link time.
grep -A10 "^ *cmd LC_ID_DYLIB$" |
grep -m1 "^ *name" |
sed -Ee 's/^ *name (.*) \(offset [0-9]+\)$/\1/')"
if [ "${LC_ID_DYLIB_NEW}" != "${LC_ID_DYLIB_OLD}" ] ; then
install_name_tool -id "${LC_ID_DYLIB_NEW}" "${FRAMEWORK_DYLIB}"